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Chiese di legno

Chiese medioevali di legno in Norvegia
Le chiese di legno finemente intagliate erano un tempo presenti in molte parti dell'Europa nordoccidentale. Oggi si trovano quasi esclusivamente in Norvegia.
Borgund stave church with headstones in front and trees and hills in the back
Borgund stave church in Lærdal.
Photo: Øyvind Heen / Visitnorway.com
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Durante il Medioevo vennero erette in molte parti d'Europa immense cattedrali di pietra. In Norvegia una tecnica simile fu utilizzata per le costruzioni in legno.

Arte vichinga

Grazie all'interesse dimostrato dai Vichinghi per la costruzione di imbarcazioni e case, la tecnica e la tradizione della lavorazione del legno si svilupparono ulteriormente. Questa attività ebbe il suo culmine nelle chiese di legno.

Ci sono diversi tipi di chiese di legno, ma la caratteristica che le accomuna sono i pali angolari ("stav") e la struttura in legno con le assi portanti delle pareti che poggiano su una piattaforma. Da questo tipo di struttura deriva il nome delle chiese, stavkirke.

Heddal, Notodden
Heddal, Notodden.
Photo: Johan Berge / Visitnorway.com

Le porte e i pinnacoli di legno delle chiese sono finemente intagliati. Le decorazioni presentano un'interessante combinazione di motivi cristiani e di quelli che spesso si suppone siano soggetti vichinghi pre-cristiani raffiguranti animali e draghi.

Aperte al pubblico

Ad oggi si sono conservate 28 stavkirke originali. Come puoi vedere dalla mappa qui sotto la maggioranza delle chiese si trova nelle regioni più interne della Norvegia orientale e nella Norvegia dei fiordi.

La maggior parte sono aperte al pubblico durante la stagione estiva, mentre altre accolgono i viaggiatori tutto l’anno.

Visita le stavkirke di legno della Norvegia

Le stavkirke rimanenti
Flesberg stave church dating back to approximately 1150-1200, this church are famous for interior decorations. Church services are still held in the… Read more
Flesberg stave church
Garmo stave church is at the top of the hill near the entrance to the Open Air Museum. It is the most striking building at the museum with its pointed… Read more
Garmo stave church
Gol Stave Church, which is in the mediaval park Gordarike, is a true copy of the Gol stave church built in the 1200s. The copy was built in the 1980s… Read more
Gol Stave Church
In the middle of the island, protected by houses and on the island's highest point, you will find the little red stave church, standing as it has… Read more
Grip Stave church
The church is built to the same dimensions and in the same architectural style as the original from ca. 1170 that is now housed in Trøndelag… Read more
Haltdalen new stave church (millennium site)
The Hedalen Stave Church may be the oldest of its kind in Valdres today. It comprises an unusual amount of catholic items and among these a reliquary.… Read more
Hedalen Stave Church
Visit Heddal Stavkirke - the largest stave church in Norway. Read more
Heddal Stave Church
The Hegge stave church dates back to 1216 and is celebrating its 800th anniversary this year! The church is still in use as a parish church in the… Read more
Hegge Stave Church
The richly decorated Hopperstad stave church in Vik would have been lost but for the intervention of cultural conservationists, who managed to save it… Read more
Hopperstad Stave Church
An unusual runic insription shows that Høre Stave Church dates back to around 1179. However, as the oldest coin found under the church… Read more
Høre Stave Church
Its size and numbers of posts is what makes Kaupanger stave church stand out from other stave churches, as well as its interior. The church… Read more
Kaupanger Stave Church, Sogndal
A beautiful and special stave church. Kvernes stave church, dating from approx. 1300 AD., is one of the youngest of the Norwegian stave churches.… Read more
Kvernes Stave Church
Lomskyrkja – the church in Lom - is one of the biggest and most beautiful stave churches in our country. The impressive church dates back to… Read more
Lom Stave Church
Lomen Stave Church is believed to date back to around 1192. The oldest coin found is from King Sverre`s era 1177-1202. In 1750, the church was… Read more
Lomen Stave Church
Reinli Stave Church dates back to around 1326, but prior to this the site has been home to two other churches. The only remains left of the first… Read more
Reinli Stave Church
Christianity was introduced to Norway around 1000 AD, and in the years to follow some one thousand stave churches were built. Ringebu Stave Church… Read more
Ringebu Stave Church
Rollag Stave Church The church is located a few kilometres north of the centre of the village Rollag. It was probably originally built in second half… Read more
Rollag Stave church
The history of this church dates back to the 13th century, and a crucifix from that period is among the oldest furnishings. A new chancel and sacristy… Read more
Rødven Stave Church
The church was built between 1200 and 1250, and is famous for its healing crucifix still in the church. According to legend it sweats once a year on… Read more
Røldal Stave Church
This church built in a stave church style was completed in 1897. It belongs to the Church of England and is under the spiritual administration of the… Read more
St. Olaf's Church - The English Church
Ål Stave church was erected around 1170 and demolished in 1880. The stave churches are a wooden building with a carrying construction of poles.… Read more
The old Ål Stave Church site
At the start, Hallingdal had seven stave churches. Today, Torpo Stave Church is the oldest and only original stave church left in Hallingdal. It is… Read more
Torpo Stave Church Ål in Hallingdal
UNESCO Urnes Stave Church , the oldest of Norway's stave churches, is included on UNESCO's World Heritage List. It was built around 1130 AD, but the… Read more
Urnes Stave Church
Uvdal Stave Church, as it stands today, does not have its original appearance but is a result of steady expansion and modifications until the 1800s.… Read more
Uvdal Stave Church
The Ål Stave Church dated from the latter part of the 12th century was richly decorated at the time of its demolition in 1880. The main doorway… Read more
Ål Stave Church Museum
Øye Stave Church was probably built towards the end of the 1100s. its original location was in the fields facing Vangsmjøsa. This was an… Read more
Øye Stave Church
La stavkyrkje di Borgund venne costruita al 1180 e venne consacrata all'apostolo Andrea. La chiesa è stata conservata pressochè come in… Read more
Borgund Stave church
Charming, small stave church. Located by West Telemark Museum in Eidsborg. Read more
Eidsborg stavkyrkje
The old stave church at Fantoft, originally built in Fortun in Sogn in 1150 and moved to Fantoft in 1883, burnt down on 6 June 1992. Fantoft Stave… Read more
Chiesa di Fantoft Stavkirke
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